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About Amazonite - History and Introduction
Amazonite is also known as the Amazon Stone. Amazonite is a light green to light bluish-green color gemstone, with a soft and attractive color that can closely resemble that of nephrite and jadeite. It is sometimes erroneously referred to as 'Colorado jade' or 'Pikes Peak jade' because of its close resemblance. Amazonite's appearance is very distinctive with its grid-like, mottled, green and white pattern. Amazonite can also exhibit a very faint sheen adding to its uniqueness.
Amazonite was named after South America's Amazon River, which flows through Brazil. It was believed that amazonite was found there long ago, but mineralogists claim that no green deposits of feldspar exist in Brazil's Amazon. As a result, the stones were later assumed to be nephrite jade and not actually amazonite. Amazonite and other green feldspars do naturally occur in other areas of Brazil, just not in the Amazon River.
Amazonite is variety of green microcline feldspar. The feldspars are a fairly homogenous group of rock-forming tectosilicates that make up nearly 60% of the Earth’s crust. Followed by the quartz group, feldspars are the mostcommon mineral in the entire world. Despite feldspar's fame to abundance claim, there are only a few varieties of feldspar that are considered to be gemstone quality. The word 'feldspar' originated from the German words, 'feld'and 'spath', which loosely translates as 'rock that contains ore'.